بررسی روند توسعه فیزیکی شهر جدید سهند و تعیین محدوده‌های مناسب به منظور توسعه آتی آن

نویسندگان

چکیده

  امروزه بسیاری از شهرهای کشور ما با توجه به گسترش نامحدود و بدون برنامه خود سبب دست­اندازی به محیط­های طبیعی و از بین بردن آن­ها شده­اند. در حالی که افزایش روزافزون جمعیت شهرنشین و در پی آن رشد شهرها، توجه به چگونگی کنترل توسعه شهرها و گام برداری در راستای اصول توسعه پایدار را الزامی می­نماید. شهر جدید سهند که در حدود دو دهه پیش و به منظور جذب سرریز جمعیت کلان­شهر تبریز ایجاد گردیده است نیز از این قاعده مستثنی نیست. از آن­جا که این شهر در محیطی که از نظر منابع طبیعی از غنای بالایی برخوردار است واقع شده است، ضرورت توجه به چگونگی رشد و توسعه آن و همچنین تدوین برنامه­ای مناسب به منظور توسعه مناسب این شهر را دوچندان می­نماید. در این مقاله نحوه توسعه فیزیکی شهر سهند و ویژگی­های جمعیتی آن از ابتدا تا به امروز مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. سپس به منظور توسعه آتی این شهر در نواحی با توان اکولوژیکی مناسب، اراضی صفه سهند بر اساس اصول آمایش سرزمین مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفته و مناسب­ترین اراضی برای این توسعه معین شده است. بدین ترتیب که ابتدا اطلاعات مربوط به منطقه با استفاده از آمار و اطلاعات موجود تهیه گردید. سپس بر اساس روش سیستمی و با استفاده از نرم­افزارهای مختلف مانند GIS تجزیه و تحلیل و جمع­بندی داده‌ها صورت گرفت. در ادامه توان اکولوژیکی محدوده مورد مطالعه تعیین و محدوده­های مناسب برای توسعه آتی شهر جدید سهند با مساحتی حدود 3200 هکتار پیشنهاد گردید.   

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Surveying the Process of Physical Development of Sahand New Town and Defining Appropriate Districts for Its Future Development

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Pourjafar
  • M. Montazerolhodjah
  • E. Ranjbar
  • R. Kabiri
چکیده [English]

  Surveying the Process of Physical Development of Sahand New Town and Defining Appropriate Districts for Its Future Development     M. Pourjafar, M. Montazerolhodjah, E. Ranjbar, R. Kabiri   Received: April 20, 2011/ Accepted: January 16, 2012, 21-24 P       Extended abstract   1- Introduction   Human beings have many impacts on the land because of their management methods and different interventions. So, with regard to human beings potential capability, ecological capability has much importance for future development of land. On the other hand, appropriate development of cities depends on appropriate use of land potentials. Thus, considering land potentials and capabilities is the most important stage before site selection of cities and land uses on the land. According to these issues before any intervention, ecological capability of land should be assessed and considering this capability and social and economic needs, we should develop cities.     2- Theoretical Bases   The evaluation of land exploitation according to its capability is one of the most fundamental issues in sustainable development. For this purpose, selection of a suitable method is very crucial to strengthen the results with facts. In this study, the Ecological capability evaluation was selected as the appropriate method.   Ecological capability evaluation is to realize the potentialities of a land in the form of expected and achievable applications.   It is an effective step for land use planning and land development studies. Ecological capability evaluation can be performed for the purpose of reaching the maximum unity and compatibility of land use with potential capability of land in a specified scale. Suitability and desirability of a specific land use for land can be assessed using two physical and economic aspects. It should be noted that the economic analysis would not be needed while a particular land use is risky and potentially dangerous for the ecosystem. In other words, socioeconomic assessment takes into consideration only if the land stage of the ecological set for the specified user is granted.     3- Discussion   This article states the Sahand properties based on land use planning evaluated for future development of this city in patches with appropriate ecological capabilities. The main goal of this study is defining the best direction for city development that has the least short-time and longtime bad effects.   Research method is descriptive and analytical method and data have been collected from library and observational study.   Sahand is a new town in East Azerbaijan which was constructed about two decades ago for controlling the extreme growth of Tabriz and for attracting the extra population of this metropolis. Sahand new town is 20 kilometers far away from Tabriz and it became a town in 2007. It has a population of about 16000 and a population of about 90000 was forecasted for this town at its master plan. The area of allocated lands for this town is about 12650 hectare and it is situated on the hillside of Sahand Mountain.   According to the process of ecological capability assessment in this research, for assessing the ecological capability of each region, we have to identify a lot of natural resources parameters. In order to provide these resources for assessment, they must become to land identification and resource maps. Subsequently, this information will be used as different information layers for assessing. Also, the information and the requirements for this model of ecological capability assessment were arranged according to the criteria of ecologic model (urban, rural and industrial development model).   In the next stage, given the systematic method and also applying software applications such as GIS, data layers were analyzed, integrated and overlaid by AHP technique.   Then, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced. This map was produced according to privileging two groups of lands, quiet appropriate and rather appropriate lands. Eventually, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced by overlaying the maps of these two kinds of lands with regard to both groups. So, the appropriate land for future development of Sahand new town was determined.     4- Conclusion   By using the above-mentioned assessment criteria and after producing the appropriate lands regarding ecological assessment, the final region for future development was determined with respect to urban planning criteria such as land slope. All future land for development is about 3500 hectares at east and south east of Sahand. This area was decreased to 3200 hectares because of land morphology. Finally, with respect to land morphology and main access to Sahand, four regions are defined for future development.     5- Suggestions   Environment capability evaluation is an important part of urban development management. If an assessment is not carried out, the opportunity to mitigate many of the impacts of a development may be lost or may only be overcome at significant costs to the developer or the community. So, it is important that each development be determined through environment capability evaluation.   For doing better evaluation, it is required that the data for performing site selection analysis be determined by interviewing experts as well as internal and international literature reviewing.       References   Aminzadeh, Behnaz. (2000), the Role of Land in Sustainable Urban Development, Collection of Land in Urban Development conference papers, Center for Architectural and Urban Studies and Research, Tehran.   Bontayan, N.C., and Bishop, I.D., (1998), Linking Objective and Subjective, Modeling for Land Use Decision Making. Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 43, No. 1-3, pp. 35-48.   Booth, T. H., 1985, Resource Evaluation in Environmental Planning and Management. CSIRO, Canberra.   Burrough, P.A., (1996), Principles of Geographical Information Systems for Land Rresources Assessment. Clarendon Press, Oxford.   Chan, S.L., and Huang, S.L. (2004), A System Approach for The Development of a Sustainable Community, The Application of The Sensitivity Model(SM). Environmental Management, No. 72, pp. 133-147.   Hosseini Abri, Sayyed Hasan, (2000), the Theoretical Framework and Model of Rural Development in Balochistan, Isfahan University Research.   Hough, M., (1990), Out of Place Restoring Identity the Regional Landscape, Yale Colledge.   Joerin, Florent, The´ Riault, Marius and Andre´ Musy, (2001), Using GIS and Outranking Multicriteria Analysis for Land-use Suitability Assessment, geographical information science, Vol. 15, NO. 2, pp. 153-174.   Makhdoom, Majid, (2005), Foundation of Land Use Planning, Sixth Edition, Tehran University Publication, Tehran.   Montazerolhodjah, Mahdi, (2009), Considering Criteria of Landmarks Site Selection and Design in New Towns Case Study: Sahand New Town, East Azerbaijan, MA Thesis, Supervisor: Dr. M.R.Pourjafar, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University.   Mostafapour, Ahmad, (2005), Analysis of Realization of New Towns Goals in Iran Case Study: Pardis New Town, MS Thesis, Supervisor: Dr. H.Shakouei, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University.   National Center of Land Use Planning, (2006), Provincial Program Studies Guide, Management and Planning Organization, Vol. I, Second Edition.   Noori, Hedayatollah, (2000), Spatial Analysis in Agricultural Geography, Journal of Geographical Research, Vol. 39, pp. 1-10.   Orartu, Consulting Engineers, (1991), Strategic Studies of Sahand New Town, Vol. VIII: Physical Development Patterns, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, New Towns of Iran Organization.   Qodsipour, Hasan, (2007), Analytic Hierarchy Process, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran.   Rahnamai, Mohammad Taghi, (1991), Environmental Capacities of Iran, Center for Architectural and Urban Studies and Research, Tehran.   S.A.P (Sabz Andish Payesh), Consulting Engineers, (2008), Review of Sahand New Town Comprehensive Plan, Volume I, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, New Towns of Iran Organization, Sahand New Town Organization.   Sharestan, Consulting Engineers, (2005), Sahand New Town Detailed Plan and Land Development Plan Studies, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, New Towns of Iran Organization, Sahand New Town Organization.   Ziari, Keramatollah, (1999), New Towns Planning, Samt Publication, Tehran.   http://ntoir.gov.ir , Accessed date: December 25, 2011.      

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sahand New Town
  • Physical Development
  • Sustainable Development
  • Ecological Capability Evaluation