سنجش میزان رضایتمندی ساکنان بافت قدیم شهر آران و بیدگل از شاخص‌های کیفیت زندگی

نویسندگان

چکیده

  بافت قدیم شهر به عنوان بستر زیست انسان شهرنشین، نیازمند تامین استانداردهایی است که در یک نگاه می‌توان آن را استانداردهای کیفیت زندگی نامید. کیفیت زندگی در واقع مفهومی چندبعدی و پیچیده است که از سوی متفکران علوم شهری و سایر اندیشمندان علوم مختلف مطرح و مورد پژوهش قرار گرفته است. هدف این تحقیق، شناسایی میزان رضایتمندی ساکنان بافت قدیم شهر آران و بیدگل از شاخص­های کیفیت زندگی است. تحقیق حاضر از نظر هدف، از نوع کاربردی و از حیث روش تحقیق، به دو صورت اسنادی و پیمایشی بوده و جامعه آماری شامل 3433 نفر سرپرستان خانوار ساکن در بافت قدیم شهر آران و بیدگل در سال 1389 است که با استفاده از رابطه کوکران و سهم اطمینان 95 درصد تعداد 350 نفر به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شده و مورد بررسی قرار گرفته­اند. داده­ها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS و شاخص CSM مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج تحقیق نشان دهنده این است که در بین بخش­های مختلف، میزان رضایتمندی ساکنان بافت قدیم شهر در شاخص‌­های اجتماعی بیشتر از سایر بخش­ها بوده و شاخص اقتصادی در رتبه دوم و بعد از آن شاخص خدماتی قرار دارد، این در حالی است که شاخص کالبدی کمترین میزان رضایتمندی را دارا بوده است. بنابراین، می­توان گفت که اهداف اجتماعی به نسبت اهداف دیگر، مؤثرتر واقع شده و مطلوب نظر ساکنان قرار گرفته است. همچنین نتایج آزمون فرضیات نشان می­دهد که میان پایگاه اقتصادی – اجتماعی افراد و میزان رضایتمندی از کیفیت زندگی رابطه معنادار وجود دارد.   

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Measuring the degree of life quality satisfaction of old neighborhoods of Aran and Bidgol County

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Shaterian
  • A. Oshnooi
  • M. Ganjipour
چکیده [English]

  Measuring the degree of life quality satisfaction of old neighborhoods of Aran and Bidgol County     M. Shaterian, A. Oshnooi, M. Ganjipour   Received: April 20, 2011/ Accepted: December 15, 2011, 33-36 P     Extended abstract   1-Introduction   City growth and social-economical problems caused by industrial revolution and city revolution in the current century make the cities separated. The overgrowing of the cities has caused some problems such as over consuming the field, lack of enough facilities in cities, disconnection of cities. It also makes the old parts of the city ruined. As an environment for living, individuals in cities need to be supported by some standards which are called standards of life quality. In fact, studied by scientists in city science and other scientists in other different fields. life quality has a multi-dimensional and complicated conception which has been Old parts of the city in Aran and Bidgol such as other cities of Iran are consisted of organic or natural structure with complicated system based on movement such as narrow passing ways.     2- Theoretical bases   “Residential Satisfactoryˮ theory is applied for becoming familiar with the structured characteristic of families and their residential structure which have some effects on their satisfaction. As residential satisfactory is part of general satisfactory in one’s life, it is the most important subject for studying. According to Closter, this concept is the “obvious gap between inhabitants᾿ needs and the real situation around them in their residential areaˮ. In other words, residential satisfactory means the experienced satisfaction of an individual or a member of a family from its residential area. This concept has multiple features and represents the satisfaction of the individual of their apartments, neighborhood and the area they live in and it is often used to evaluate their feelings of their apartments or houses they live in. Finally, this concept is a significant sign for their positive feelings toward their life quality. Evaluating the satisfaction rate of the residences is so sophisticated and depends on so many individual and non-individual factors.   Life quality shows general socio-economical features of an environment in an area which can be used as a powerful mean to supervise and plan social improvement. In fact, this concept is also applied for evaluating the emotional and economical demands of families. Behavioral geography scientists believe that in cognitive plans, the upper socio-economical status has better imagination of cities and life areas while those with low salary have limited plans and ideas for living. They also claim that socio-economical status such as age, gender, job, profession and level of education have impact on forming and imaging ideas in one’s mind.     3- Discussion   The designed questionnaire consists of the combination of all related matters with life quality to analyze the satisfaction rate of inhabitants in Aran and Bidgol. The questionnaire consists of four groups of main questions of old parts inhabitants in Aran and Bidgol which includes old concepts related to life quality. These four types of question analyze the satisfaction in four dimensions of economic, social, service and environment to analyze the satisfaction and there are different methods. The CSM is considered as an indicator. It can identify the difference level between the real satisfaction and the maximum satisfaction which can exist. The satisfaction rate of old parts inhabitants of Aran and Bidgol of life quality indicators in service part is from the green areas and parks (49.9%), cultural areas (51.1%), entertainment areas (53.3%) and treatment and health facilities (53.3 %). In environmental part, the satisfactory of the passing ways and available ways is (58.9%). Municipality obligation to respect the standards in building houses is (53.9%) and house quality is (44.1%).   The satisfaction part in economic, satisfaction rate of job, salary rate, facilities rate given by banks to renew the houses are 63.3%, 60.9% and 40.9%. Also, in social satisfaction part, the satisfaction rate of comfort ability and security in residential area is 74.3%. Satisfaction of living in the area is 74.7%. Facilities and educational areas is 43.5%, social trust is 55.9% and being proud of and belongings to the area of living is 72.4%.   And general satisfaction (all economic, social, environmental and services) shows that in social part we see satisfaction more than other parts and then we have economic indicators, service indicator, while the environmental indicator has the least satisfaction.   The results for socio-economic status with the satisfaction gained through applying Pearson, Kendal and Spearman tests show that according to the significance level which is more than 0.5%, there is a relation between these variables and the hypothesis is confirmed. Therefore, it can be said that, the higher the level of socio-economic status, the more satisfaction of life quality indicators.       4- Conclusion   The results have shown that in different parts satisfaction in old parts inhabitants is more in social indicators and economic, service, environmental are the next. 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