ارزیابی تفرجگاه‌های گردشگری پیرامون کلان شهرها با استفاده از تلفیق مدلSWOT و AHP؛ مطالعه موردی تفرجگاه گردشگری مال‌آقا

نویسندگان

چکیده

  اهواز یکی از کلان‌شهرهای کشور است که به دلیل آلودگی‌های صنایع وابسته به نفت، آب و هوای گرم و مرطوب، طولانی بودن فصل گرما و همچنین هوای توأم با گرد و خاک، شهروندان این شهر علاقه‌مند به مسافرت به سایر مناطق خوش آب و هوا می‌شوند. بنابراین، مکانی‌یابی تفرجگاهی با موقعیت مناسب اقلیمی، در استان خوزستان به منظور استفاده شهروندان این کلان‌شهر ضروری است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی جایگاه تفرجگاهی مال‌آقا برای شهر اهواز تدوین شده است. روش تحقیق ترکیبی از روش توصیفی و تحلیلی با ماهیت کاربردی است. در این پژوهش سه الگوی تعیین حوزه نفوذ گردشگاهی کلان‌شهرها (الگوی حد نهایی حوزه گردشگاهی کلان‌شهرها، الگوی رابرت و الگوی مسافت استاندارد) مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و با واقعیت‌های موجود بین شهر اهواز و تفرجگاه مال‌آقا تطابق داده شده است. نتایج پژوهش نشان دهنده آن است که از سه مدل فوق به دلیل طولانی بودن مسیر اهواز تا مال‌آقا، کاربردی برای بررسی تعیین حوزه گردشگاهی شهر اهواز ندارند؛ به همین منظور استفاده از متغیر اقلیم در تعدیل مدل پیشنهاد شده است. بررسی‌ها نشان می‌دهد که متغیر اقلیم نقش مهمی در تعیین مسافت جاذبه‌های پیرامونی شهر اهواز دارد. بنابراین، فاصله زیاد شهر تا روستای مال‌آقا تأثیری بر سفر شهروندان به این مکان ندارد. در نتیجه با ایجاد زیرساخت‌های گردشگری در روستای مال‌آقا می‌توان این منطقه را به عنوان تفرجگا‌هی مطمئن با امکانات مناسب برای شهر اهواز تدارک دید.   واژه‌های کلیدی: گردشگری، گردشگری روستایی، تفرجگاه پیرامونی، مال‌آقا، اهواز

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing Tourist Resorts Surrounding Metropolitans Applying SWOT- AHP Models Case study: Malaga Resort

نویسندگان [English]

  • R. Zarei
  • A. Movahed
  • S. Amanpoor
چکیده [English]

  Assessing Tourist Resorts Surrounding Metropolitans Applying SWOT- AHP Models Case study: Malaga Resort       A . Movahed, S. Amanpoor, R. Zarei   Received: April 17, 2011/ Accepted: April 10, 2012, 17-20 P       Extended abstract   1-Introduction   Today, the urban concept is not understandable without resorts in different forms and the results of urban development and environmental problems have made the development ad existence of resorts unavoidable.   Ahvaz is one of the metropolitan cities. For the reason of its pollution, oil-dependent industries, hot and humid weather, having a long hot and dusty season, the citizens have been encouraged to travel to other areas with better climate. Therefore, it is necessary to locate a place with appropriate climate in the province.     In this study, we use the descriptive combination and analytical method and this research is applied. We aim to examine three patterns: the final level pattern walkway areas of major cities, Robert pattern and standard distance pattern. Results show that, because of the long distance between Ahvaz and Malaga, the above-mentioned models could not determine Ahvaz walkway field.     2- Theoretical bases   The Tourism has expressed as the specific spatial patterns. One of them is spatial patterns of urban tourism. Urban areas are important tourism places because they have historical and cultural attractions. The major cities have many diverse attractions, including museums, monuments, theaters, sports stadiums, parks, toy city, Shopping centers, and places of historical and architectural sites of important events with famous people.   Moreover, if the tourist attractions are located in rural areas, urban movement supports the objective location.   To examine the influence of large urban parks, three methods are used that are:   A - The final model of the metropolitan park   B - Robert pattern   C - Standard distance model     3– Discussion   There are three different variations of climate in Khuzestan province: desert climate, semi desert climate and mountainous climate that are suitable for tourism. Ahvaz city has taken in desert climatology therefore, there is a need for amusement places at mountainous climates. As map 2 shows there is a 200 km distance between Ahvaz and Malagha thus, it can be a suitable place to attract tourists in Ahvaz city.   In the previous issue of the metropolitan area of the walkway in Ahwaz based on Robert, it was found to be 39 km. It seems that the proposed index for the city of Ahvaz is not generalizable to all seasons. So that, in the longest period of tourism (summer), according to the climate characteristics of the region, the index reaches to more than 100 km.   To determine the influence of travel distance, the standard model of distance is used to determine the pattern of metropolitan Ahvaz. For this purpose, a moderate center in the metropolitan area is selected.       4– Conclusion   We aimed to examine three patterns: the final level pattern walkway areas of major cities, Robert pattern and standard distance pattern. Results show that, because of the long distance between Ahvaz and Malaga, the above-mentioned models could not determine Ahvaz walkway field.   Because of four-season climate of Iran, more recreational and tourism travel is based on climatic differences between regions of the country. The positive point regarding Malaqa region tourism attractions is that citizens are not forced to leave the province because Malaqa is the most proper place in the province.   Ahvaz region's climate is different from Malaga Ahvaz is a desert region and many citizens like mountain regions so, they choose Malaqa for tourism. The far distance (186 km) is accountable. Statistical analysis show that Ahvaz citizens welcome this region and they spend part of their time in Malaqa. Tourism infrastructure is undesirable in Malaqa but this recreation place can be enough for citizens if infrastructures are provided in this region.   Key words: Tourism, Rural tourism, nearby resorts, Malaqa, Ahvaz     References   Esmaeilisar, A. Pour kavian, K, (2001), Economic Valuation (outing) Sysngan Forest Park, Environmental Science and Technology, 7 and 8   Brzekar, G. and Hussaini, SM (2003), reviewing and demands of tourists in forest park light, Proceedings of the National Conference of forests and sustainable development – Webmail   Papoly Yazdi, MH and Saghaei, M. (2006), the nature and implications of tourism, the publisher, Tehran   Hatmynzhad, H. (2007), the importance of urban tourism, municipal Magazine, Year VII Number 785 - dinar, A. (2005) urban tourism in Iran, published a vocabulary, Mashhad   Rezvani, AA (1995), Geography and Tourism, University Press, Pia lights, Tehran   Zangi Abadi, A. and Mohammadi, J. and Zyrkbash, D. 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Department of Managmet, Allameh Tabataba, University, Iran.          

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: tourism
  • Rural tourism
  • nearby resorts
  • Malaqa
  • Ahvaz