تحلیلی بر شاخص‌های پایداری حمل و نقل شهری در ایران

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 داشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

امروزه حمل و نقل شهری یکی از ارکان اصلی مبحث پایداری در روند توسعه به دلیل شرایط خاص موجود و چالش‌های ایجاد شده در ابعاد محیطی، اقتصادی و اجتماعی مربوط بدان تلقی می‌گردد. شناسایی و آگاهی از مؤلفه‌ها ومشخصه‌های پایداری در بخش حمل و نقل شهری و تجزیه و تحلیل اهمیت هرکدام از آنها با توجه به شرایط موجود یکی از ضروریات اساسی در سوق دادن این رکن اساسی توسعه به سمت پایداری آن و جلوگیری از تبعات زیان‌بار اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست محیطی آن است که در کشور ما با توجه بهمسائل و مشکلات و شرایط موجود آن امری گریز ناپذیر می‌باشد. در نوشتارحاضر که با رویکرد «توصیفی- تحلیلی» به انجام رسیده است، هدفپژوهش،تعیین میزان اهمیت شاخص‌های پایداری حمل و نقل شهری در کشور با عنایت به مسائل و مشکلات موجود با استفاده از شاخص‌های منتخبدر بحث پایداری حمل و نقل شهری از دیدگاه کارشناسان می‌باشد.در این راستا با توجه به جامعیت و شمول در تعاریف ومیزان دربرگیری شاخص‌هایفرعی، سه شاخص اصلی پایداری اقتصادی، اجتماعی و محیطی در قالب30 متغیر انتخاب و جهت تعیین میزان اهمیت این شاخص‌ها و متغیرها از نظرات 20 نفر از کارشناسان امر بهره برده شده است. برای تحلیل داده‌های بدست آمده جهت آگاهی از میزان اهمیت شاخص‌هااز روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی دلفی فازیFDAHPاستفاده شده است. نتایج بدست آمده حاکی از آن است که از نظر کارشناسان پژوهش ابعاد اقتصادیشاخص‌های پایداری حمل و نقل شهری درکشوربا کسب بیشترین وزن ها هم در بخش شاخص های اصلی و هم شاخص های فرعی دارای بیشترین اهمیت برای پرداخت بدان در بین شاخص‌های پایداری حمل‌ و نقل شهری می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of indicators of sustainable urban transport in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Amanpout 1
  • M. Nemati 2
  • H. Alizadeh 1
1 shahid chamran university
2 shahid chamran university
چکیده [English]

Extended abstract
1-Introduction
Today transport in cities is associated with all aspects of life.Leisure, education, business, industry, and other aspects, all linked together and continue the cycle of life in citieshaving forced the network and transport system to be sustainable. However, it has been more than a decade that the transport is being used urban communities, today the situation is not sustainable.This instability in Overuse of energy and fuel in the first place, then reduce resourceand ultimately the increase in global air pollution even her shown.Such a negative outlook on the transportation system and its impact on the social dimensions of environmental, economic and quality of life in cities, especially in developing countriesandus more will show in the country.Due to These issues, one of the primary and originally ways understanding of sustainability inurban transport to our countryunderstanding of the scope and the level of sustainability each of priorityMigration to the terms and conditions of the sustainable problems in the field of urban transport will be.
2-Theoretical Basis
As the Stockholm Conference Brantdlnd statement to define sustainable development under the three main developmentseconomic, social and human development, and health and ecological environment has been expressed, these three areas of sustainable transport will be supported and the process does not compromise stability. Indeed,Sustainable transport that is actually uplifting sense of social justice and security, safety and sustainable access, economic dynamism in the management and use of the additional costs imposed by the traditional process,And environmental health by reducing or eliminating emissions, using renewable resources and supporting green transportation will be.Urban transportation primarily toward nature and the environment and is consistent with environmental changes.This Industrial Revolution in England and especially during the mid-nineteenth century has been continuing since the creation of millions of cities and towns to grant the title industrychanges in transportation policies and more complex.After years of being a modernist approach to urban transport and urban design and discussion of human communicationat the same time took on more complicated scale.In this period, providing physical and economic aspects of transportation network planning and designwas considered,no comments from citizens regarding environmental measures taken or to be.From the 1970s onwards, with the introduction of the concept of sustainable development and sustainable in all component areasfrom which the human encroachment has evolved through the environment, One of These areas of transportation, especially in the cities.The transformational in the management of technological measures used,Environmental planning and land use, economic mobility support and traffic management, and prevention of emissions,The health of the environment and communities threatenedwas priority.
3- Discussion
In the present study selected three indicators of sustainable economic, social and environmental studies reference resources related to research studiesas indicators of inclusive discussions on sustainable urban transport sub-indicators of 30,the vision was to index the context of urban transport professionals to identify.In These regard, initially in the form of a questionnaire and a paired comparison analysis in hierarchical fuzzy Delphi,Selected indicators of selected experts were asked to discuss the situation in urban transport their weight.After this stage, the effects of these parameters on the sustainable of urban transport were evaluated.These are also important to estimate the regression model to explore the relationship and impact indicators were used in the process of sustainable urban transport.
4- Results
This study looks at functional of descriptive and analytical methodology for the selection of the three indicators of economic sustainability, social sustainable and environmental stabilityas effective indicators to assess the sustainable of urban transport to our country,tried to determine the priority of each of the two selected indicatorsand the impact indicators urban transport in the country's sustainable is tested.In These regard, the expert opinions were used to collect research data,And the results of two Delphi fuzzy analytic hierarchy model for the purpose indicators setting priorities was used.The results showed that the highest priority for the payment of the indicators of economic sustainable to the topicIn the field of urban transport.


5- Suggestion
According to the objectives and results, research proposals in line with the trend towards sustainable urban transport in the fieldwith proper understanding of These scope and priority indicators and components involved in making the economic indicators in These field

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainability
  • urban transport
  • sustainable transport
  • Ahvaz
  • hierarchical analysis
  • fuzzy Delphi