پهنه‌بندی شهر تهران بر اساس شاخص‌های اجتماعی جمعیتی مدرنیته

نویسندگان

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مقاله شناسایی نابرابری‌های ناشی از مدرنیزاسیون و پهنه‌بندی شهر تهران از نظر شاخص‌های اجتماعی و جمعیتی است تا میزان دستیابی به اهداف و اصول مدرنیته در مناطق شهر مشخص شده و مناطق سنتی از مناطق مدرن تفکیک گردند. مطالعه از نظر هدف کاربردی و به لحاظ روش توصیفی – تحلیلی است. برای این منظور با استفاده از داده‌های ثانویه، نتایج سرشماری عمومی نفوس و مسکن و طرح‌های توسعه و عمران شهری، شاخص‌های اجتماعی قابل دستیابی از این داده‌ها استخراج و با تکنیک تاپسیس پردازش گردیده؛ سپس در محیط نرم‌افزار سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی به صورت فضایی نمایش داده شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که سه پهنه مدرن، در حال گذار و سنتی در تهران قابل تعریف و شناسایی است. پهنه مدرن در شمال و غرب تهران و پهنه در حال گذار در مرکز و شرق و پهنه سنتی‌تر در جنوب تهران قرار گرفته است. پهنه‌بندی انجام شده گویای تفاوت در انطباق‌پذیری مناطق با اصول مدرنیته است. بدین معنی که مدرنیزاسیون اجتماعی در برخورد با سنت‌های فعال و پویای مناطق مختلف شهر، با سرعت و شتاب متفاوتی پیشرفت کرده است. مدرنیزاسیون اجتماعی در تعامل و تقابل با سنت در جنوب دچار چالش بیشتری شده است. اما این چالش به معنی توقف فرایند مدرنیزاسیون نبوده است. جامعه سنتی در پی درونی کردن شاخص‌های مدرنیته بوده و در این فرایند راه و روش خاصی را برای مدرن شدن تعریف کرده است. در مناطق میانی چانه‌زنی سنت و مدرنیته شکل گرفته و دگردیسی سنت به مدرنیته را تجربه می‌کنند. در این روش مدرنیزاسیون، هیچ یک از مناطق شهر تهران نمی‌توان سنت یا مدرنیته خالص مشاهد کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Zoning of Tehran based on population and social indicators of modernity

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Poorahmad
  • H. Hataminezhad
  • I. Ghasemi
چکیده [English]

 Extended
abstract 1-Introduction  Tehran as gate
way of modern culture and ground for challenges of modernity and tradition has
been affected by these changes and reproduced them. It is important to mention
that, the entire geographical region of Tehran did not received same amount of
changes and south- north differences has created a spatial in equality in the
process of physical expansion of Tehran city. By expansion of the city and
emerging of dual inequality there were grate necessity for improvement of urban
services, planning for improving of socio- cultural indicators and
modernization of society. The main problem of the present article is to
recognition and distinguishing of spatial and location difference of socio-
cultural changes. With emphases to the mentioned problem, the main objective of
this study is to recognition and distinguish modern zone from traditional and
transactional one through study of modernity social indicators in different
region of Tehran city. Thus the article attempts to provide answer to the
following questions: From social
modernization point of view, urban regions of Tehran are at which level? How can zoning
of Tehran regions on the bases of obtaining of modernity social indicators?  To answer these
questions the secondary data from 22 regions of Tehran were applied, and for
spatial explanation, indicators of Tehran municipality based map were employed.
For data processing, TOPSIS techniques was used all calculations were carried
out by Excel and SPSS software. The result of the study spatially is shown by
the Arc GIS software.         Table
(1) characteristics of modern society and studied indicators    Characteristics Of Modern
Society   Indicators     Nuclear family   Family size     Per land increase of population   Population density     Decrease of traditional family
value   Percentage of never married in
population     Increasing of knowledge and
science of Human   Literacy percentage     Changing of values and attitudes
and weakening of traditional family   Percentage of working women in
population     Decreasing of birth rate   Percentage of 0-14 years old in
population     Increasing of the standard of
living   Number of individual per house     Number of family per house     Family income   Average of house size     migration   Percentage of immigrants     Percentage of population born
out of city      2-
Theoretical bases Modernization is
implementing styles and principals of modernism in a tradition society
(Witherick,1991:173Arce,2000:2). Sociologists, define modernization as
process of turning a tradition society to a modern society in which creates
positive and negative consequences. In third world countries, modernization in
clash with tradition obtains different shapes modernization models interpret
dualism of tradition and modernism, which in this process societies move from
tradition to modernism(Nanda & Warms,2002400). Cannot be find any society
which is totally modern of tradition. Shift to a modern situation is a
permanent act, and achieving this goal include a spectrum of completely
tradition to modern this process of change justifies in quality in indicators. 3-Discussion Regions of Tehran
were classified in three categories, based of distance from the ideal level,
according to the direction of the primary matrix of indicators, the regions
where, obtained the lowest index were included in modern category and vise-
versa the regions where, obtained the highest index values and had the high
distance. With modernity included as tradition category based on the finding of
the research, can be said that, the regions of the Tehran from the view point
of social modernization indicators have different levels. According to these
indicators, the regions of Tehran can be classified in to three categories of
1) modern regions 2) transitional regions and 3) traditional regions. 4-
Conclusion Finding of this
research in zoning of regions are conform to the present reality and public
imagination of north-south in Tehran. There for can be said that this method of
zoning of city can properly interpret the present reality. Social
modernization in regions of Tehran in clash with dynamic traditions, extended with
different speed and acceleration social modernization in clash with tradition
in shout of Tehran faced with serious challenges. On the contrary  in the north of
Tehran , tradition provide a batter context for development of modernization programs .and by weakening
traditional values or localization of modernism transition from tradition to
modernism much more extended native and dynamic tradition of the society in the process of localization of
modernism indices , has defined particular methods for modernization . 5-Suggestions
 Based on the
finding of the research, following suggestions can be provided  a centralized
management and plan based on mentioned objective should be organized and
implemented. Social
development plans should extend its activities with the priority of traditional
regions  A study of
zoning of Tehran regions carried out by using comprehensive indicators of
modernization paradigm. A long term and
a short – term plan for managing modernization challenges and conforming
tradition to modernism was prepared. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keyword: modernization
  • zoning of Tehran
  • social indicator of modernity
  • Social modernization