عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Persian garden is one of the oldest experiences of garden layout and landscaping in the world and the history of building gardens in Iran shows the antiquity and importance of that for Iranaians. Requirement of building gardens in different periods of time, made these different types of Persian garden. Persian garden and its elements help that today's parks and green spaces donât be boring and become exciting and fresh like Persian gardens .Today they can be samples and patterns in order to have a readout about Persian garden, but in a case that is proportionate with modern green spaces in today's life. Persian garden is a cultural, historical and skeletal set that in there water, plants and structures in a certain numeral system are incorporated and create a desirable, safe and calm environment. Technique of water presence and its movement in Persian garden has a special system and is coordinator with garden geometry and structure .Also the plants in Persian garden follow different purposes like shading, yielding and decorating the garden .Center, symmetry, rhythm, view expanse and rectangular geometry are the other features of Persian garden. One of the Esfahan features comaring to the other cities in Iran, is extention of green spaces and spirituous landscapes and creating city garden.
In this study there is comparative analysis on spatial elements of Persian garden in designing of Esfahan parks. So, for that we recieved the ideas of the people about features and elements of Persian garden and urban park , and analized the rate of satisfaction in them about gardens and urban parks.Research method is analyzing , descriptive and also 384 questionnaires were prepared from the citizens in 15 zones in Esfahan and experts in organizations like: Parks' Organization , Municipal and with SPSS software ,spatial elements of Persian gardens in urban parks were analized Also parks with features containing spatial identity like : certain geometry , existence of palace and portal , special affluence and lightness in the way of water presence , intensity of shade , discipline in planting trees and etc. can raise citizens' satisfaction.