عنوان مقاله [English]
The phenomenon of Peddling (peddler) in a city is a known and complicated phenomenon. But the most important problem is the problem of the presence of the peddlers in pavements city centers. This problem cause traffic and crowding of population in city centre. Today Topics and Issues hawkers gathered or organized in many cities is considered one of the most important urban issues. The main problem that many cities in relation to hawkers and urban Peddlers faced with the problem of the people on the sidewalks of the city and particularly in the urban centers. To solve this problem, in recent years, initiatives such as the Reorganization Plan or Reorganization Plan barrier crossing urban street vendors implemented in different cities, in the form of the scheme in some cities, special places for the vendors is considered Although many vendors, organizing projects, analyzing the causes of the growth of informal markets in the central area, had little success And also among the vendors is considered false jobs, however, due to past experiences, the destruction of specific sites of vendors is not recommended by experts and urban planners in any way. Langerood city within a city due to its small size and focus of the various applications such as commercial, office, residential, recreational downtown traffic problems together with horse and foot traffic is faced with problems. In addition to issues related to the movement of vehicles, presence of vendors and retailers in the city center as well as increase the foot traffic and the problems it has had in the city. Hence, in this city, organizing projects carried out in urban hawkers and market vendors, especially in the outskirts of urban activities is considered. This research is followed to study the effects of the presence or lack of the presence of peddlers in city in focuses of crowding of population. The study method is as kind of descriptive- analytical studies. It has been interviewed with 379 persons of the peddlers (oral interview or questionnaire) totally. Sampling method is simple random sampling too. The qualitative analysis and statistical tests are used to answer the research questions. It is used for data analysis from Excel and SPSS software. Spearman correlation coefficient and partial correlations is used to determining relationship between variables.Some of the findings of this study are: Female peddlers are active among peddlers of Langeroud City, in addition to male peddlers. The age average of peddlers of Langeroud City is fairly young. Most peddlers have medium education. Most peddlers of Langeroud City live in this township. The medium number of peddlers that are active in marginal markets of Langeroud City is more than the medium number of peddlers that are active in city centre of Langeroud.The results of this study indicate that: 1- There is a straight relationship between the numbers of peddlers in city centre and the crowd of city centre. 2- There is an inverted relationship between the numbers of peddlers in marginal markets and the crowd of city centre. 3- There is a straight relationship between the numbers of peddlers in marginal markets and the crowd of city margin.