عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Â Regional disparities among Countries in the world are growing trend this is more visible in the Third World Countries. It causes the rise of big Cities and growing there, In contrast to the Cities, Villages and Regions is a gradual Retardation. To achieve Sustainable development, Minimizing Regional Disparities is Essential. In Third World Countries, Governments and Political Organizations today are focused more on Economic Growth that results in lack distribution of Income and Regional Inequalities. So that in Iran, during the years 1960 â 2002, the average Economic Growth was 6/4% per year and the GDP Growth of non-oil Substances more than 5/5% during this period. During the years 2000 - 2003 Real GDP Growth was over 6 percent. Good Economic Growth with Oil Revenues has led the Growth of large Cities and Increased Inequality in Regions and Areas. In Fars Province, Shiraz City, as the Provincial Capital, major Services, Facilities and Industry is collect in and has acted as the Premier City in Region. To identify the level of Inequalities, Grouping Indicators, in the Analysis of Regional Disparities with Diverse Population can be Effective, because the most Disparities related Areas and if the need to develop the Regional Economy it is Necessary to pay Special Attention to Poor Areas. This Research utilizes various Indicators of Regional development, trying to evaluate the Fars Province in terms of Development and Disparities are determined.
bases Region, in terms of concept is close to the Hinterland and as a Geography Science Lab. Larousse Dictionary defines Region as Part of a Country that unity comes from Natural Factors (Topography, Climate, etc.) or Human (Population, Economy and Culture, etc.). And Land Use Planning seeks to Balance Development between Regions, Use of Resources to develop, Equitable Distribution of Income and Activities between different Areas and emphasis on Resources, backward and Marginalized Areas and Harmonious development of Poles and Growth Centers. But it is evident discuss of Land Use Planning has not been Implemented in development program before the Revolution. So that in Iranâs Third Developing Program, Growth Pole Policy, Proposed and was developed (This Theory was introduced in the first time by Fransua pero in 1949 with emphasizing Economic Growth and Accumulation of Spatial Concentration), was not successful Because none of these poles were not locate in less developed Areas, But were in the major provincial Centers, or in fast-Growing Cities and Regions. Another theory that has been discussed in the Context of Regional development is Jon Friedmanâs Center - Periphery Theory that emphasis on Interaction between Polarization and Distribution. If Distribution force is dominant, Development will go to the balance and if the Polarization Effect is dominant, Colonial Relationship is occurring and Spatial Inequality will increase. But many of the Regional development Strategies, on development of Marginal Areas have a Negative Effect and their Distribution effects less than Effects of Retreat or expected Effects are not followed.
The 62 indicators, in the fields of Cultural- Religious, Economic, Social, Environmental-Physical and Health, Communication-Transition were selected and weighted by the Entropy Model, and then were analyzed Based on the VIKOR Model. According to the results Cities of Fars Province in four bands possessed full Prosperous, Prosperous, Semi â Prosperous and Deprived was classified based on VIKOR Model. Shiraz City is full Prosperous and Cities of Kazeroun, Jahrom and Estahban were Prosperous and Darab, Neyriz, Mohr, Abadeh, Lamerd, and Bavanat Cities were Semi Prosperous and other Cities (19) were deprived. 4 â Conclusion
The Fars Province suffers from Inequality so that The 29 Cities of the Province, The Shiraz City is full Prosperous and Cities of Kazeroun, Jahrom and Estahban were Prosperous and Darab, Neyriz, Mohr, Abadeh, Lamerd, and Bavanat Cities were Semi Prosperous and other Cities (19) were deprived. The common Pattern in Fars Province is influenced by Growth Pole and Hill hoverst Theory, Shiraz, the Provincial Capital, the main Indicators of Economic, Social, Health, Communications, etc. present in, And not as a Growth Pole, but has acted as Parasitic to his Surroundings. In general, the geographical distribution of Cities in Fars Province shows that the northern and eastern City's of provinces are more developed from western half and Southern Half. Also in the area, Health indicators than other Indicators have been more balanced distribution.
5 â Suggestions
Several measures can be taken to overcome Inequalities, is one of them the Identification of deficiencies. To resolve this problem in Fars Province to consider this Suggestion can be effective. - Studying cities, separated from Shiraz, mamasani, larestan cities ,... and identifying deficiencies and needs of the citizens in them - Regarding the missing link in urban system (small and middle cities) can be useful to reduce migration and brown field development in these cities - Decentralization of administrative, industrial and service sectors of the city of Shiraz and transfer it to middle and small cities in the province are located in the surrounding areas. - Regarding the less developed areas, especially in health indicators in the city of Kavar, Rostam, Kharameh, Zarrin Dasht and ... - Create jobs and improving economic and social indicators in small towns to consider and hire locals in each city to prevent migration and growth of provincial centers to achieve Social justice for all people to have equal opportunities. - Promotion of health indicators in the city of Kawar, Rostam and... - Given the role of communication in the development of the city mamasani, Kawar, zarrin plains and sepidan. - Benefit from participation in the procurement process in urban development projects and according to the needs of citizens. - Development centers in the area due to the potential growth in the city for the decentralization of the state and development of disadvantaged city.