عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Horizontal expansion of cities led to the loss of valuable agricultural land and natural resources as a result of environmental instability in development. On the other hand , the spread of urban development due to increased dependence on cars has been heavily criticized(Cao, Handy, & Mokhtarian, 2006: 1).
Modern urban life, accompanied by cars as the dominant mode of travel .Range of used cars is so high that the city life is almost impossible without a car. In fact, the car as an essential aspect of today urban life and ecosystem (Dennis, 2007, p. 14) and car ownership has become an important component of household travel behavior (Potoglou & Kanaroglou, 2006: 1).
Attention to how to car and motorcycle ownership distribution â particular on national level âcause to preference zones sake to better planning transport infrastructure and land-use on one hand, and attention to justice in facilities distribution on the other hand. Also, today's overall approach to household car ownership is taken into consideration. At the same time, a growing number of households and the growing number of cars and motorcycles check the appropriateness of the planning the needed features and services in rural and urban areas of the country is so important. Considering the importance of this issue, present study examined the distribution of car and motorcycle ownership across the entire city in the 1385 and 1390 census and itâs changes during this course and also relationship between growth of car ownership and a motorcycle with a growing number of households.
Unfortunately, there are no studies in the internal investigation in association with the distribution of cars and motorcycles owned by the national level. Studies in the field of car ownership in other countries other than the subject of this paper are on the issues.
2- Theoretical Foundations
In the classification of spatial patterns can be focused on how to order placement of areal units (Jay, 2000, p. 5). In fact, spatial autocorrelation measurement of the spatial relationships between the position and the value assigned to any Complications. As a result of this model distribution (spatial arrangement) the characteristics defined in three categories: cluster, randomized and distributed.
Moran index used to examine the overall spatial autocorrelation. Moran index is a numerical value between -1 to1.Negative valuesââ(-1