تحلیلی بر جاذبه های‎ ‎‏ ژئومورفوتوریسم در توسعه گردشگری منطقه ای ( مطالعه موردی کویر سیرجان)‏

نویسندگان

دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

چکیده

به طور کلی فهم و ارئه رابطه بین فرم و فرآیند تاثیر بسزایی در واکنش احساسی و حس زیبا شناختی آن دارد که ‏این هنر خاص ژئومورفولوژی در گردشگری است. این پژوهش سعی دارد با استفاده از مدل‌های رینارد و پریرا ‏پتانسیل‌های ژئومورفوتوریستی کویر سیرجان را بررسی نماید. نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که بر اساس مدل ‏رینارد ژئومورفوسایت کویر سیرجان با کسب 6/2 امتیاز از مجموع 4 امتیاز ارزش علمی، 82/3 امتیاز از مجموع 9 ‏امتیاز ارزش افزوده و یک امتیاز از مجموع 4 امتیاز ارزش ترکیبی وضعیت مناسبی جهت توسعه گردشگری منطقه ‏ای دارد. همچنین نتایج حاکی از آنست که بر اساس مدل پریرا این سایت با کسب 04/4 امتیاز از مجموع 5/5 ‏امتیاز عیار علمی، 82/2 امتیاز از مجموع 5/4 امتیاز عیار مکمل، 19/5 امتیاز از مجموع 7 امتیاز عیار استفاده و ‏‏13/1 امتیاز از مجموع 3 امتیاز عیار محافظت در مجموع امتیاز بالایی را در جهت توسعه گردشگری منطقه ای به ‏خود اختصاص داده است. به طور کلی مهمترین ضعف این سایت جهت توسعه گردشگری ضعف مدیریت در ‏حفاظت و ارتقای آن می‌باشد. به طوریکه در هر دو مدل زیرمعیارهای حفاظت و نحوه مدیریت امتیازهای پایینی را ‏کسب نموده‌اند. ‏

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis on Geomorphoturism attraction in regional tourism development( case ‎study: Sirjan desert)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • B. Moqani Rahimi
  • M. pourkhosravani
چکیده [English]

 Extended abstract ‎ This research is trying to use the models Pereira
and Reynard to investigate Geomorphotourism potentials of Sirjan desert. The
results show that based on Reynard model geomorphosite of Sirjan desert earns
7.42 of total 17 scores therefore this condition is favorable for tourism
development. The results also
show that based on Pereira model this site earns 13.18 of total 20 scores and has a high score in order
to develop the tourism.  Introduction  Geomorphotourism can be explained as tourist
attractions based on performance of formative systems at surface that by
creating interesting forms and with aesthetic value, has a great ability in
attracting tourists (Ramesht and Shah Zeydi, 354: 1390). In other words
Geomorphotourism can be defined as the study of special geomorphic landscapes
or Geomorphosites that have scientific, ecological, cultural, economic and
aesthetic values simultaneously (Pereira et al 3 , 159: 2007). Geomorphosites are
geomorphologic landforms that have found scientific, historical, cultural,
aesthetic and socio-economic values by people who take advantage of them
(Shayan et al, 79: 2011). In this regard, this study tries to investigate
tourism potentials of Sirjan desert using models Pereira and Rynard.  Materials and methods   The present
study is based on descriptive and analytical methods depending on field
observations. Then in order to assess Geomorphosites tourist potentials in the
study area, Reynard and Pereira method was used. In Reynard method
Geomorphosites are investigated based on scientific, added and combined values
(Rynard, 2005, 181). In scientific value indices such as protection, scarcity,
being an index and old Geography and in added value indices such as ecological,
aesthetic, economic and cultural (with an emphasis on historical-land index)
are considered (Lugon and colleagues, 2003, 83). In Pereira model
geomorphologic and management values ​​assess Geomorphosites ability in tourism
development. Geomorphologic value is calculated by summing up scientific and
complimentary scales. On the other hand, the management value is calculated by
summing up Geomorphosites use and protection scales. Sum of these two values,
management and Geomorphologic, shows Geomorphosites ability to develop tourism.
Generally the closer the result number to 20 is, the more influential in
planning programs for tourism development it will be.  Discussion and Findings   Sirjan
desert with more than 1625 square kilometers of area is one of the largest
deserts in the Isfahan Drainage basin and is located in southwest of Sirjan
city.
The desert is considered as a flat desert with plates of clay. The surface of
the desert is covered with about 68% of clay plates and 32% of salt plates.
Reynard model results show that the scientific, added and combined values
respectively have 2.6, 3.82, 0.99 scores. Pereira model results also show that
among the total 6.68 scores earned by the geomorphologic value, 4.04 is related
to scientific scale and 2.82 is related to the complementary scale. Also the score
obtained by the management value is 6.32 and 5.19 is related to the use scale
and 1.13 is related to the protection scale of Geomorphosites.  Conclusion  The results
show that based on Reynard model 52% of the total mean scores belongs to the
added value and therefore is the most important value in research. And this is
because of the high scores in sub criteria such as economic potential,
historical-land importance, multiplicity of attractions and ecological effects.
After that scientific value with 35% of score is the second important value due
to the high scores in sub criteria such as ​​old geography, and being index.
Low score in protection sub criterion reduces the importance of the scientific
value in comparison with the added value. The results indicate that combined
value with 13% of the scores has the least importance in evaluating potentials
of Sirjan desert Geomorphosites due to low scores in sub criteria such as
management method and human and natural threats of Geomorphosites. Based on these results management method sub
criterion with the mean score of 0.01 has the least importance. This indicates
weakness in the protection and promotion management of Geomorphosites. The
results of this model show that the added value with 3.82 of mean scores has
achieved the highest score. After that scientific value with 2.6 of mean scores
and combined value with 0.99 mean scores are respectively in the second and
third place. On the other hand, the results of Geomorphotourism potential
evaluation based on Pereira model shows that geomorphologic value with 6.86 of
mean score has the most score and then
management value with 6.32 of mean score is in the second place. According to
this model, visible sub criterion with a score of 1.5 and aesthetic values ​​
with a score of 1.4 have the most scores among all. The overall results of the
Pereira model suggest that the use scale with 39% of the total score has the
most importance due to the high points in sub criteria such as availability
with 1.37 and visibility with 1.5. The results show that after use scale,
scientific and complimentary scales with a share of 21% of total scores are in
the second place. The protection scale with 9% of the total scores indicates
poor management of this Geomorphosite.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Geomorphotourism
  • Reynard model
  • Pereira Model
  • Sirjan desert